Peter Fidler was one of Canada's
greatest exploratory surveyors, and one of the few men who laid the
framework for all maps of Western Canada. His story is one of bravery,
stamina, and above all, loyalty.
Having been trained by the Hudson's Bay
Company, together with his famous contemporary,
David Thompson, Fidler arrived in
the prairies in 1792. His task - to help build the first
Hudson's Bay Company posts in Alberta. Over the length and
breadth of Western Canada, 48,000 miles in all, Peter Fidler
carried his sextant and his "artificial horizon of quicksilver."
Wherever he went he made observations so he could determine the
exact location of any point or the correct course of any river.
Fidler has much to tell us of the
Indian tribes, the effect of the coming of the white man, the
rivalry between the Hudson's Bay and North-West companies, and
the establishment of the Red River settlement in 1812.
J.G. MacGregor's book,
Peter Fidler, Canada's Forgotten Surveyor.
- Born August 16, 1769 (one day
after Napoleon) Bolsover, England
- Joined Hudson's Bay Company, 1788
- Studied surveying with Philip
- Helped build Buckingham House,
- Mapmaking journey to Southern
Alberta to Old Man River System, 1793
- Married Mary, Cree woman from York
Factory, about 1794
- Factor at Buckingham House, 1797
- Built Bolsover House, Meadow Lake,
- Built Greenwich House, Lac La
- Built Chesterfield House, Empress,
- Built Nottingham House, Ft.
- Helped settle Selkirk settlers,
Red River, 1813; Brandon House, 1817; Fort Dauphin, 1819
- Passed away, 1822